B. Blake Levitt
B. Blake Levitt, an award-winning medical and science journalist and author of four books, has specialized in the biological effects of nonionizing radiation for over three decades. Ms. Levitt's primary focus/expertise is on how technology affects biology, including non-human species. Her work most often appeared in the New York Times before she turned to book writing. She is the author of "Electromagnetic Fields, a Consumer's Guide to the Issues and How to Protect Ourselves" (Harcourt Brace, first edition, 1995; iUniverse 2007) for which she won a New England chapter award of excellence from the American Medical Writers Association. She is the editor/contributing author of "Cell Towers, Wireless Convenience? Or Environmental Hazard? Proceedings of the Cell Towers Forum, State of the Science, State of the Law" (Safe Goods/New Century 2001; iUniverse 2011). Ms. Levitt is also the author of a chapter in "Electromagnetic Environments and Health in Buildings" (Spon Press, Taylor & Francis Group, London and New York, 2004) edited by Derek Clements-Croome, entitled "Moving Beyond EMF Public Policy Paralysis." Her work has appeared in numerous national publications and has been translated into Russian and Chinese. Ms. Levitt has lectured widely, has been an invited speaker at U.S. congressional briefings, and appears in several documentaries. She is a member of the National Association of Science Writers and the Author's Guild, and a former member of the New York Academy of Sciences and the Bioelectromagnetics Society. Additional biographical information can be found at www.blakelevitt.com.
How Low-Level Ambient Electromagnetic Fields Affect Wildlife -- Why it Matters, What Can Be Done
By B. Blake Levitt
Ambient levels of nonionizing electromagnetic fields (EMF) have risen sharply in the last five decades, especially in the radiofrequency (RF) bands of the electromagnetic spectrum from wireless technology. These are known biologically active exposures to humans and wildlife alike, even at vanishingly low intensities now common in urban, suburban, rural, and even forested areas. Exposures are increasing with each new technology. Fifth Generation telecommunications -- 5G – will bring another exponential increase. Environmental EMF has now become a ubiquitous, continuous, invisible pollutant to which many species may adversely react because of unique physiologies that make them more sensitive than humans to exogenous EMF. Numerous studies across all frequencies and taxa indicate that current low-level EMF exposures have numerous adverse effects, including to mammals, birds, insects, amphibians, fish, bacteria, protozoa, and many species of flora. It is time to use existing laboratory and field research to develop regulations to protect nonhuman species from this novel form of pollution. Wildlife loss has accelerated to mass extinction levels. Ambient EMFs may play both a direct and indirect role due to EMF disruption to various species’ natural magnetoreception that is necessary for migration, mating, food finding, and survival. Well-studied multi-factorial mechanisms come into play with nonhuman species. There are no exposure standards for wildlife, but national and trans-national environmental laws exist that can be applied and enforced. A larger environmental vision is needed. What affects wildlife and habitat affects us all.
Sunday 31 January 2021